The Creek Indians lived in well fortified
villages. Each village was surrounded by a high wall of spiked logs.
Each village had a tall pole in front of the entrance through the
barricade. The pole was painted either red or white. This let everyone
know if the village was a "red" village or a
red villages were the War Zones. War leaders lived in the red
villages. In these towns, blood could be shed. Warriors came here to
learn. Others came to live. Still others came for short periods to
work out their differences.
white villages were the Peace Zones. No one could be attacked in a
white village. Everyone who lived in a white village had to promote
peaceful solutions to all problems. If people could not solve their
problems peacefully, they had to move to the red village while they
worked things out.
in both villages were long buildings of one or two rooms. Most had
long porches that ran the length of the house. Roofs were thatched
with long grasses. Mats were hung on the walls for color and warmth.
Two Houses: Just
as they had two types of villages, these people had two types of
homes, but these were seasonal homes, for cold and hot weather. These
homes were located in the same village. People simply moved a few feet
or so to reach their seasonal home. The summer homes were airy and
open. The winter homes were warm and solid.
The double house method not only made them
comfortable, but it was a form of trickery. The Creek tricked other
tribes into thinking they had more people in each village than
there really were. All the houses, summer and winter, were
built around a huge central plaza.
Central Plaza: The
Central Plaza was used for many purposes. Kids played there. The
village council met there. They held the Green Corn Ceremony there.
Ceremony: All anger in all villages had to be put aside as part of the Green
Corn Ceremony. That carried over to the plaza. All anger had to put
aside when entering or crossing the plaza.
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